The design team had to meet weight, size, heating, cooling and low level power restrictions as well as overcome the demands of operating in space. The final unit weighed 840kg approx. and moved at 1.3km per hour. Onboard were four television cameras, an x ray telescope, a penetrometer to take soil samples, a cone shaped antenna and a helical antenna. Eventually it fell into a crater and due to overheating, it still remains on the moon. The Lunokhod rover was programmed to hibernate at night and during the 14 day lunar night . The rover was designed to operate for 90 days it ran for 11 months and covered 7 miles of the moons surface. The mission ended 4th October 1971.
Credit: Lavochkin Association
Georgi Nikolayevich Babakhin
Science Channel Video
Tank on the Moon - Lunokhod (03.01)
In 1973 lunar 21 lands and delivers Lunokhod 2 on the moon May 9th 1973 the rover travelled 24 miles and transmitted images back to earth.
The Lunaokhod technology once again deployed in Mikehal Milenkhov's Remote STR1 bulldozer, which was designed and deployed to clear Chernobyl debris in 1986
Marsakhod, designed to explore Mars was originally created in 1977. It sat in a warehouse until 1992 when it became the basis for the Mars Rover (1992/1993) when Alexandra Kermurdzhian worked with Nasa on the project.